Category Archives: All herbs


LEGAL Colorado Marijuana GrowOverview

With a history of human use spanning as far back as 3300BC, marijuana is one of the oldest psychoactive drugs ever used by people. Also known by it’s botanical name, marijuana is one of three plants from the genus Cannabis, either Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, or less commonly, Cannabis ruderalis.

Indica and sativa strains in particular have been selectively bred for thousands of years for potency and flower size.

Cannabis ruderalis, a Russian landrace species, is often used in order to form autoflowering hybrid strains as well as plants which are tolerant to adverse conditions and drought.

Marijuana is noteworthy because of it’s incredible potency compared to some other smokable herbs, as well as it’s safety and clear medical benefits.

Methods Of Use

The active compounds in marijuana, called cannabinoids, are mostly concentrated in the female flower. The cannabinoids are secreted as a thick, sticky oil from glands called trichomes.

These trichomes can be mechanically separated to form hash, or extracted through various chemical and food-safe methods to form extracts.

Cannabis is mostly commonly smoked, vaporized, or eaten. There are a wide variety of products that can be made from the dried cannabis flowers or hash itself, including oils, infused butter, or extractions in propylene glycol.

Pharmaceutically, there also exists a prescription drug sold under the brand name Marinol which orally-active THC, an isolated individual cannabinoid present in marijuana.

Before being used, marijuana is typically cured for a period of two weeks to two months in an airtight container away from light. This curing process further breaks down chlorophyll as well as equalizing the moisture content within the marijuana buds themselves and developing the characteristic odor and flavor of cannabis.

When smoking marijuana many people prefer to use a water pipe, which cools the smoke and removes some tars in order to make it smoother and less harsh on the throat. Vaporizing has become popular more recently because of perceived health benefits as well as a cleaner taste and little to no lingering smell.




The most common effect of marijuana is euphoria, tingling in the limbs, relaxation, hunger, and laughter caused by pleasantly altered thought processes. Different strains of marijuana contain different amounts of the key cannabinoids, which cause various other effects. Some strains are helpful for pain relief while others inspire creativity or even mild psychedelic effects.

Cannabis indica, with it’s sedating, full-body stone is usually preferred for pain management and increased appetite, while Cannabis sativa is often chosen for anxiety and seizure disorders. In practice, however, most marijuana strains are hybrids with either indica or sativa genetics being more prominent.

The effects of marijuana last for between 2 – 6 hours, depending on the method of ingestion, with edible treats lasting longer. The effects of smoked marijuana is felt immediately, while cannabis that’s been eaten can take from 30 – 60 minutes to be felt.

Overdose is incredibly unlikely with cannabis, bordering on impossible, although care should be taken with extracts or extremely potent strains as ingesting too much marijuana can bring on side effects like acute paranoia.

Medicinal Benefits

Because of the large number of different active compounds in marijuana, there are many medical benefits. While the list is extensive, some of the most well-known medical benefits of marijuana include pain management, anti-cancer properties, the promotion of hunger and elimination of nausea in patients undergoing chemotherapy, and as a treatment for epilepsy and anxiety.

Marijuana has also been shown help prevent the progression of glaucoma, and recent studies have shown that it’s helpful in treating PTSD as well as the tremors associated with Tourette’s syndrome and muscular dystrophy.

Marijuana, unlike a lot of other plant-derived drugs, is psychoactive even in small doses. Another plant-derived drug, digitalis, takes pounds of the herb Foxglove to make even a single dose. In contrast, a fraction of a gram of marijuana is enough to produce an effect in people. This fact alone strongly hints that cannabis will become a source of next-generation drugs after more studies are done, and current research bears this out.

Side Effects

Some users report feelings of anxiety, although this is usually dependent on the strain. Anxiety is usually in the form of paranoia, although in some people, and at high doses, panic attacks can occur. Dry mouth is another common side effect of cannabis use. While it’s usually minor to moderate, marijuana users should have water on hand to counteract it.

Some studies show the potential for cannabis dependence, although it isn’t physically addictive in the sense of some prescription drugs. Cannabis dependence is usually characterized by chronic use, irritability, and mild withdrawal symptoms which, allegedly, include headaches, sensitivity to light, and depression. Marijuana dependence is still hotly debated, in part because of prohibitionists which have greatly exaggerated the potential for addiction.


Marijuana is currently illegal in the large majority of countries, but in the United States cannabis has been in the news for the successful legalization initiatives in the states of Washington and Colorado. In addition to those two states, possession of small amounts of marijuana, usually under an ounce, are decriminalized in a large amount of urban areas and some states. It’s important to research local marijuana laws because they’re so different from state to state, and even individual cities within states. Marijuana is illegal under United States federal law.

Marijuana is also legal with a prescription in 20 US states and the District of Colombia. Many cannabis users choose to get a prescription for a small fee in order to have access to medical dispensaries, which usually stock various strains and products including extracts and edibles.

Dispensaries generally charge a premium for their services, selling marijuana per gram at a higher price than street value, but this is offset by the convenient availability and legal possession of the drug.


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Yarrow flower


The Yarrow flower (Achillea millefolium) is a flowering plant in the family of Asteraceae. It Yarrow-Herb-Flowers_Achillea-millefolium__IMG_4824_cris natively grown in the northern hemisphere’s template regions of North America, Europe and Asia. It is sometimes called common yarrow. In southern Colorado and New Mexico, it is referred to as “plumajillo”, a Spanish word for little flower due to the shape and texture of its leaves. Due to its use for stanching blood flow from the wounds, it was known as herbal militaris in antiquity. The other common names used to refer to this specie include: nosebleed plant, gordaldo, old man’s pepper, sanguinary, devil’s nettle, milfoil, thousand-seal and soldier’s woundwort.

Plant description

The plant has flowers which are rarely pinkish, Grayish-white and in a compound cluster which is hard, closed and flat-topped. It has over 4 to 6 ray florets. It’s leafy and hairy stem is erect from the horizontal root stalk and about 1-2 ft high. The leaves are dissected finely and narrowly oblong in the outline.

It usually grows in wastelands, on roadsides, banks and dry fields. Its flowering season is from June to November.

Historical uses

The Yarrow flower (Achillea millefolium) has a long history for use as a strong healing herb for wounds, abrasions and cuts. The dried stalks are used in I Ching divination as a randomizing agent. In the Middle Ages, this plant was part of gruit; the herbal mixture which was used for flavoring beer.

The Yarrow flower has been used as food and in the 17th century, it was a popular vegetable. The essential oil extracted from the flowers by steam distillation can be used in chest rubs for influenza and colds or as an anti inflammatory.

The North American Natives considered the herb to be a life medicine, used to treat earaches and tooth aches. The Native American tribes such as that of Miwok used the plant as a pain killer and head cold remedy.

The leaves of Yarrow were smoked to relieve congestion of the lungs and also smoked in ceremonies. The tea from the leaves was used for bathing babies that were having convulsions. They also used to be burned so as to revive comatose patients and repelling of evil spirits.

Methods of Use

Many nurseries cultivate it as an ornamental plant. It can be planted in natural landscaping and gardens settings of diverse styles and climates. It is very common in butterfly gardens. Even though it grows better in well drained soils in full sun, it can also do well in conditions that are less ideal.

Companion planting

The Achillea millefolium is considered to be great companion plant due to its ability to repel certain insect pests whilst attracting the ones that are good and predatory. Some of the predatory insects include wasps which drink the nectar and then use the insect pests as food for their larvae. It also helps to improve the quality of the soil. Plants planted close to it can benefit from it directly.


Due to its resistance to drought, the Achillea millefolium can combat soil erosion.

Making of Yarrow tea

Fresh or dried leaves and flowers are steeped in a non aluminum pot with a tightly fitted lid for about 20 minutes. Two teaspoons of the herb in one cup of freshly boiled water can be taken in between meals at intervals.


It is used for brewing alcohols such as wine and beer.

Medicinal Benefits

Due to its astringent properties, it encourages tightening and constricting of the muscles and skins, thus leading to shrinkage of the spores, reduction of the visibility of scars. It is mixed in a number of skin care products due to its ability to treat acne and several other skin conditions.
It is well-known for reducing swelling and inflammation of wounds and injuries.
Women with menstrual problems can get relief when they ingest yarrow on a regular basis.
Yarrow can effectively lower high blood pressure.


The sedative properties of this herb enable it to alleviate muscle tension, fatigue, night sweats, mood swings, anxiety, stress and hot flushes.
It is used as a natural hair growth stimulant in both women and men.
The diuretic properties of Yarrow flower (Achillea millefolium) enable it to reduce high body temperatures and fever.
It is commonly used as a stimulant for appetite when it is ingested.
Smoked as a tobacco substitute and is sometimes used to aid quitting of smoking.
It is an excellent ingestion remedy when it is taken before or during a meal.

Side effects

It can cause allergies in people with sensitive skins that suffer from Asteraceae-family related allergies.
Some of its contents can be toxic over an extended time period.
It shouldn’t be used or ingested by pregnant women.

Marshmallow roots

IMG_8011The Marshmallow root (Althea Officinalis) is also known as white mallow herb. Other alternative names are Malvavisco, Althea, Khatmah, Usubeni-tatiaoi, Khitmi, Iviscus, and Ghasul. This psychoactive herb  originated from Europe. Its therapeutic effect to the body explains why it is use as an alternative medicine.

Ancient medicines use this herb as a tea. It produces several desirable effects to the body, which are bound to prevent other lifestyle diseases such as hypertension. The marshmallow root had been adopted for domestic use in America. It is one of the identified beneficial herbal medicines in Asia, as well. This herb predominantly thrives in the salty and dark marshes.

Medicinal Benefits of Marshmallow Roots

The marshmallow root has several medicinal benefits. Aside from the roots, other part of this psychoactive herb is used as an active ingredient for teas, food supplement, and pharmaceutical medications.

The flower of this herb is used for conventional processing in making cough syrups. It contains potent natural compound that can loosen thick secretions. Thus, pharmaceutical companies that manufacture expectorants use the flower of this herb to extract the essential elements.

Other medicinal benefits of Marshmallow root (Althea Officinalis) are:

1. Used as a remedy for sore throat. Ancient medicine extracts the large amount of mucilage found in this herb to treat respiratory problems such as pertussis (whooping cough) and bronchitis (inflammation of the bronchial tubes).

2. The active compound found in this herb produces therapeutic effect for alleviating the manifestations of diarrhea (watery stool). It improves the peristaltic movement, which facilitates proper digestion. The marshmallow root is effective for relieving the signs and symptoms of several digestive problems like Chron’s Disease, Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

3. Drinking of marshmallow root tea has been linked to weight loss, as well. The physiologic effect of the tea can block the body’s receptor, which signals the hunger center of the brain. As a result, people who drank this tea may have the feeling of fullness, and thus, eat less.

Therapeutic Effects of Marshmallow Root

Marshmallow root tea involves anti-inflammatory effect. It works effectively for reducing the occurrence of peptic ulcer disease (PUD), ulceration in the mouth, gastroenteritis, colitis, and hiatal hernia.

1. This psychoactive herb works for external application. In 1960, laboratory tests were conducted about the effects of Marshmallow roots for topical use. The research output states that, when applied topically, Marshmallow roots can reduce inflammatory processes on the skin surface.

2. It works effectively for wounds, cuts, and other skin problems such as psoriasis and eczema. Other solutions made of this herb works to treat conjunctivitis (sore eyes).

3. Other domestic products like mouthwash may contain this herb. The roots of the marshmallow plant can help reduce the inflammation of gums (gingivitis).

4. It reduces the extent of irritation in the mouth, which commonly affects the teething infant. The roots are peeled and can be chewed, as well.

Proper Dosages and Administration of Marshmallow Root

There are supplements in the form of herbal tablets, which contain marshmallow roots. These are ingested orally or crushed and mixed to liquid.

1. It is recommended to take 5 mg of marshmallow root tablet and mixed it with water. Take at least 5 – 10 ml of the mixture for 3 times in a day.

2. For cough and other respiratory ailments, 2 grams of marshmallow root is sufficient to obtain its effect. Mix the solution to cold water and leave it for 2 hours. Afterwards, use the mixture as mouth gargle and do this for 2 times in a day.

3. For topical application, peel the root and soak it in warm water. Mix it until the solution becomes pasty. Spread the solution in a clean cloth and apply it directly to the affected area of the skin.

Smoking Marshmallow roots

Marshmallow roots makes a smooth smoke . It is ideal as a base for any herbal blend alike herbs like Mullein and Damiana.  It relaxes the mind when smoked on his own, but it’s not as strong as some other herbs like Skullcap or Wild dagga flowers.

Side Effects of Marshmallow Roots

Using of this herb can provide several therapeutic effects to the body. However, there are few things that anyone should consider before using. These things are related to the potential adverse reactions, when using the Marshmallow root (Althea Officinalis). Below are the common side effects of this psychoactive herb:

1. It may produce a minimal interaction to other pharmaceutical drugs. Medications that are used for stabilizing the blood sugar (oral hypoglycemic) should be taken with precautionary measures.

2. The marshmallow root can promote milk production. However, this can affect the normal stimulation of the mammary gland. Hence, high doses of this root can cause some hormonal changes in the body.


There are no cases reported to the toxicity level of using this herb. Furthermore, there are limited resources that could involve the marshmallow roots for legal implications. It is currently legal everywhere.



Marsh Hedge Nettle (Stachys palustris)
Marihuanilla (Leonorus sibericus), commonly known as Siberian motherwort or little marijuana, is a herbaceous biennial native to Siberia, Taiwan, Korea and China. It is used as an alternative to marijuana. This herb also grows wild in Chiapas, Mexico as well as in Brazil.

Marihuanilla translates from spanish in “little marijuana”.

The herb grows between 1-2 meters tall with basal leaves that are ovate in shape. It has long flower rods that comprise of small reddish violet flowers that have an upper lip which is oblong. It should be noted that the plant is intolerant to frost thus should preferably be grown indoors as a potted plant in winter.

History and Use

Traditionally the flowers of the Marihuanilla were used in offering and devotional rites called “pujas” by the Hindu. It was also traditionally used by the Chinese as a medicinal herb owing to the belief that it could lower blood pressure, regulate menstruation, clear toxins, help blood circulation and prevent excessive clotting and ward off fungal and bacterial infections. Such use was achieved by ingesting the leaves of the herb as a vegetable and cooking its roots with pork.
Marihuanilla was also used in folk magic in Veracruz, Mexico to make the “groom return” and as a marijuana substitute in Chiapas, Mexico.

Marihuanilla is commonly used in modern day society for its pleasant taste and its relaxing effects.

Methods of Use

As an Infusion or Tea
Traditionally the Asians would use Marihuanilla by soaking 1 to 3 teaspoons of the herb in hot water for 15 minutes after which it would be drunk. The roots and leaves of the Marihuanilla may also be boiled and taken as tea as the herb has a delightfully pleasant taste.
As a Smoking Blend
Alternatively, the leaves may be collected when the herb is in bloom, dried, and smoked with rolling papers or in a pipe as a mild intoxicant. It may also be used in combination with other smoking blends and herbs such as wild dagga.
Though not commonly used in this manner, Marihuanilla may be vaporized using readily available vaporizers such as Vapor Genie and inhaled.

Medicinal Benefits

The fruits, seeds, and leaves of Marihuanilla are all considered to be of great medicinal value and its use as a medicinal herb is recorded among various cultures. Among the Chinese for instance the herb is used to treat an array of medical conditions ranging from painful menstruation and postpartum bleeding in women, as well impotency in men. The herb is also used as a diuretic as it can help treat among other things high blood pressure and kidney diseases.

Native cultures in Chiapas, Mexico also use Marihuanilla to treat and calm an array of ailments affecting the female reproductive system such as to aid in painless menstruation. This is achieved by drinking the root of Marihuanilla steeped in tea.
Marihuanilla may also be used to treat rheumatism or arthritis since its leaves are soluble in alcohol and can therefore be macerated in alcohol to create a tincture which if externally applied is useful in treating the aforementioned condition.

It may also be used as an anesthetic since it contains alkaloids that are proven to possess qualities that result in the suppression of responses by the peripheral nervous system to sensory stimulation, and one such alkaloid present in this herb is leonurine. It may therefore be used to treat an array of skin problems and bruises.


When smoked
The effects of Marihuanilla are varied and dependent on the mode of its use. Marihuanilla is mildly narcotic thus when smoked it causes mild intoxication and is therefore ideal if the idea of the user is not to get highly intoxicated. To increase its potency however Marihuanilla may be mixed with other smoking blends and herbs such as wild dagga and B. caapi leaves. It has a nice smoke that is mild tasting and therefore causes a nice relaxing high that is euphoric.
When Ingested
When drank in tea or otherwise orally ingested Marihuanilla cause a calming and relaxing effect probably owing to the fact that it contains alkaloids namely stachydrine, preleoheterin, prehispanolone, cycloleourinine, leoheterin, leosiberine, leuronurine, leosibiricin and leonurine as aforementioned.

Side Effects

Marihuanilla is not known to cause any side effects.


Use of Marihuanilla has not been made illegal in any known jurisdiction.

Blue Lotus

The Secret Life of the Blue Lotus

Blue Lotus (Nymphaea Caerulea) is also known as Blue Water Lily and the Sacred Lily of the Nile.

The plant, a natural sedative, originate from along the Nile River, in Egypt. For thousands of years it was used by the native people as part of religious ceremonies in which they would use these sacred blue flowers to reach higher levels of consciousness. During third century, it was introduced to the conquering Greeks who in turn exported it to far regions of the world.

In addition to it’s use in perfumes, it is still used today as a mild sedative. According to Egyptian legend, it was such a good sedative that it was given to sun god Ra in an effort to sooth him as he grew old.

Methods of Use

Blue lotus (Nymphaea Caerulea) can be ingested through a variety of methods. It is believed to be the plant that Lotophagi ate in “The Odyssey“. Since then, people have been eating the plant. More commonly, in the modern world, it is brewed into a tea (or mixed into various cocktails, wines, and liquors) by boiling the entire plant for 20-30 minutes before ingesting.

It can be smoked as well, but should be a blend of petals and bulbs, not solely one or the other as the majority of the ingredient lies in the bulb, and some in the petals. Furthermore, it can be used in a herbal blend to create calming feelings of peace.

Medicinal Benefits

The medicinal benefits of Blue Lotus stem largely from the sedative properties of the plant. It can use as a sleep aid, as a natural anti-anxiety remedy, and as a stress reliever. Blue Lotus contains nuciferan (a natural anti-spasmodic) along with aporphine, which will give you feelings of calming euphoria.

There are also reports of its use as a treatment for gastrointestinal problems. Diarrhea and dyspepsia, among other things, have reportedly been helped by ingesting Blue Lotus, although research is scarce in this particular area.


The effects of Blue Lotus seem to differ between different people, but it’s principal effects is what made this plant popular among the Egyptians. A calm sense of euphoria overtakes many users of the plant. It is often compared to MDMA, albeit less intense and more calming than stimulating. Depression can be alleviated in this way and, while not permanently, can give the user an opportunity to look at what causes their depression and really take something away from the experience.

In many people there is actually a mild, stimulant-like effect that is felt after taking Blue Lotus. The sedation is present, but the tingling, body energy sensation of stimulants fills them as well. This calm is a psychoactive property appreciated by it’s users. is found to be great for socializing and spending time with friends and family.

In addition, many people may help their erectile dysfunction after ingesting Blue lotus. Rather than turn to pharmaceutical drugs many people are turning to this plant as an aphrodisiac. This is especially true if the sexual dysfunction stems from depression.

Side Effects

The side effects of Blue Lotus are mild and are not harmful to most people. Hot flashes and mild jittery feeling can be present in large doses, but aren’t common.

The chief problem with Blue Lotus is found when combining it with other drugs. On its own it is an enjoyable plant, but when combined with illegal drugs like cannabis, or prescription painkillers, intense nausea and feelings of disorientation can be prevalent.


Blue Lotus is not a controlled substance in the United States, although not approved for human consumption. The cultivation, sale, and purchase of Nymphaea Caerulea is legal, but it cannot be sold for consumption. Incense and weaker teas are commonly found in stores, however, and must fall within certain regulations. Louisiana is the only state in the country which has passed new laws specifically dealing with Nympaea Caerulea, but it only serves to strengthen the ban on human consumption, not necessarily the distribution.

Russia is an exception to the international legality of Blue lotus. In the wake of scandals involving synthetic marijuana they have banned the substance completely.